SuSanA - Forum Kunena Site Syndication http://m.forum.susana.org/ Thu, 30 Mar 2017 02:49:35 +0000 Kunena 1.6 http://m.forum.susana.org/components/com_kunena/template/jtouch25kunena/images/icons/rss.png SuSanA - Forum http://m.forum.susana.org/ en-gb Re: Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in school - by: marnisommer http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21059 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21059
It would be interesting to hear how people/organizations have approached the issue at the various levels of stakeholders who are essential - such as government level officials, school administrators, and communities.

We (Columbia University and the International Rescue Committee) are currently piloting an MHM in Emergencies toolkit in NW Tanzania (refugee camps with Burundians and Congolese) and it has been essential to understand the perspective of the different cultural groups - and to appreciate the discomfort that many of the emergency response staff feel engaging on the topic directly with adolescent girls and women. They are eager to address the issue, but also eager to have guidance on appropriate ways to approach such a sensitive topic.

It would be wonderful to having a growing database of sorts of how people/organizations in various cultural and social (and economic) contexts around the world have approached the topic, and what they have learned, so others hoping to help to address the MHM barriers facing girls and women in that context will have a resource.]]>
Theme 1: Breaking the taboo around MHM Thu, 30 Mar 2017 01:07:53 +0000
Re: Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in school - by: marnisommer http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21058 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21058 Theme 1: Breaking the taboo around MHM Thu, 30 Mar 2017 01:00:33 +0000 GIS Analysis and Optimisation of Faecal Sludge Logistics at City-Wide Scale in Kampala, Uganda - by: jonpar http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/99-faecal-sludge-transport-including-emptying-of-pits-and-septic-tanks/21057-gis-analysis-and-optimisation-of-faecal-sludge-logistics-at-city-wide-scale-in-kampala-uganda#21057 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/99-faecal-sludge-transport-including-emptying-of-pits-and-septic-tanks/21057-gis-analysis-and-optimisation-of-faecal-sludge-logistics-at-city-wide-scale-in-kampala-uganda#21057
My only questions to the authors would be, roughly how much did it cost to undertake the survey and secondly, where there issues in getting the service providers to participate. Clearly any service provider practising illegal dumping would not want to be monitored. Although you mention that this is not practised in Kampala (according to shit flow diagram, it seems to be about 2% of the sludge removed using mechanised fecal sludge trucks). Presumably in cities where illegal dumping is more widespread, then the methodology would be harder to implement, but what do the authors think about the application for regulatory purposes. If all registered trucks had to have them fitted and the operator would be charged if caught tampering with the equipment, then it would be possible to maintain detailed database of truck movements etc. In fact, a larger company with more than a handful of trucks might appreciate this information for their own management purposes ?

best regards,

Jonathan

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
GIS Analysis and Optimisation of Faecal Sludge Logistics at City-Wide Scale in Kampala, Uganda
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Authors : Lars Schoebitz, Fabian Bischoff, Christian Riuji Lohri, Charles B. Niwagaba, Rosi Siber and Linda Strande

"The objectives of this study were to use GPS (global positioning system) and GIS tools to
identify the scale of operation of mechanical faecal sludge emptying services, and to evaluate ways to optimise faecal sludge logistics at a city-wide scale to increase access to equitable sanitation services.

The employed method provides a powerful tool to optimise faecal sludge management on a city-wide scale by increasing sustainability of the planning and decision-making process, increasing access to service provision and reducing faecal sludge transport times and costs.


"The use of GIS tools for optimisation of faecal sludge collection and transport at city-wide scale provides an opportunity to increase sustainability of the planning and decision-making process by increasing access to service provision and reducing faecal sludge transport times and costs. The method is applicable anywhere, but variables need to be adapted to the local situation; for example, sufficiently detailed spatial data (e.g., GIS map layers or crowd-sourced information)."

These innovative methodologies and tools for the analyses of faecal sludge management were found to be effective for this purpose. The benefits of employing GIS analyses as a component of planning include:

 Access to sanitation: Identifying areas that lack adequate access to sanitation for priority
intervention by local municipalities to increase equity of service coverage.

 Underserved areas: Identifying areas where manual or mechanical private entrepreneurs could
profitably increase service provision, and increase access to faecal sludge management.

 Future demand: Identifying areas with rapidly growing and high population densities with a need
for increased service provision.

 Identify service areas: Locating areas outside of the municipal boundaries, which are being served by treatment plants within boundaries.

 Optimise locations: Siting of treatment plants and transfer stations to optimise transport distances could greatly reduce transport costs and impacts to traffic.

 Quantification and characterisation: Identifying sources of faecal sludge, which could be combined with other tools to increase accuracy of quantification and characterisation for appropriate design.

 Existing infrastructure: Optimising usage of existing infrastructure.

www.eawag.ch/fileadmin/Domain1/Abteilung...analysis_kampala.pdf

www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/9/2/194/pdf]]>
Faecal sludge transport (including emptying of pits and septic tanks) Wed, 29 Mar 2017 22:04:44 +0000
Re: Working Group 6 members: Take part in our Wikipedia Edit-a-Thon 19-21 March ! Example: new article on decentralized wastewater systems - by: JKMakowka http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/198-wikipedia/20724-new-wikipedia-article-on-decentralized-wastewater-systems-and-editing-together-in-virtual-workroom-every-wednesday-1000-gmt-london-time-until-evening#21056 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/198-wikipedia/20724-new-wikipedia-article-on-decentralized-wastewater-systems-and-editing-together-in-virtual-workroom-every-wednesday-1000-gmt-london-time-until-evening#21056 Wikipedia Wed, 29 Mar 2017 19:04:04 +0000 Re: [In French] C'est parti ! Prioritized list of French articles to edit ! Edit-a-thon (19th-21th of March) - by: JulyG http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/284-languages-other-than-english/20861-in-french-cest-parti--prioritized-list-of-french-articles-to-edit-in-wikipedia#21055 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/284-languages-other-than-english/20861-in-french-cest-parti--prioritized-list-of-french-articles-to-edit-in-wikipedia#21055 French and English

Hi Everyone, // Bonjour tout le monde,

The Wikipedia Edit-a-thon is still running until Friday 31rst of March.
Cranfield team has worked all the day with SuSanA team to keep editing Wikipédia.
As a result of the day, a new page in French has been translated about World Toilet Day, and a page about UDDT is still being translated. Please fill free to edit the new pages (link below) !

fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journ%C3%A9e_mondiale_des_toilettes

//

Le marathon d'édition de SuSanA continue jusqu'à ce vendredi 31 mars !
L'équipe de Cranfield a consacré sa journée à l'édition de pages anglaises et à la création de pages françaises notamment concernant
- la journée mondiale des toilettes
- les toilettes sèches à urines dérivée

N'hésitez pas à apporter votre contribution ! Voici le lien

fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Journ%C3%A9e_mondiale_des_toilettes

Bonne soirée/ journée!

Cranfield team]]>
Languages other than English Wed, 29 Mar 2017 18:24:49 +0000
Re: Starting Soon: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue" - by: F H Mughal http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21054 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21054
I have done, as desired by you. It is, a bit, protracted in length - sorry for that.

I trust, you will find it interesting.

Regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Thematic Discussion 12 “Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools – A neglected issue” Wed, 29 Mar 2017 17:15:08 +0000
Re: Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in school - by: F H Mughal http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21053 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21053
Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM), a January 2017 policy brief by SHARE (Sanitation and Hygiene Applied Research for Equity), gives definition of MHM as:

Women and adolescent girls using a clean menstrual management material to absorb or collect blood that can be changed in privacy as often as necessary for the duration of the menstruation period, using soap and water for washing the body as required, and having access to facilities to dispose of used menstrual management material (UNICEF and WHO, 2014)

The brief point out that menstruation is overlooked in research and in policy. Approximately 52 per cent of the female population is of reproductive age and are likely to menstruate each month.

The UN Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation has said:

Menstruation is an integral and normal part of human life, indeed of human existence, and menstrual hygiene is fundamental to the dignity and well-being of women and girls and an important part of the basic hygiene, sanitation and reproductive health services to which every women and girl has a right.

Research on MHM in Malawi, highlighted by the paper, is interesting. It says:

This research sought to characterise and understand the challenges and barriers related to menstrual hygiene management for school girls in Malawi. The qualitative research investigated reasons for non-use of school toilets and days of school missed due to menstruation. The research quantified that girls in Malawi could be absent from school 12 – 36 days per year due to MHM issues and articulated some of the barriers that led to school absenteeism.

The three thematic areas covered in Malawi research were:

Sanitation infrastructure and facilities

The research found that there were poor sanitation facilities and infrastructure in almost all schools in the study; girls did not want to use these facilities while menstruating and reported a lack of privacy for washing or changing menstrual cloths as well as issues around disposal of pads.

Cultural beliefs around menstruation

Cultural beliefs and practices played an important role including secrecy about menstruation, associations with being ready for marriage and restrictions on washing and socialising. Additionally, girls were concerned about the potential for others using their menstrual blood or used cloths to do acts of witchcraft against them.

Knowledge and education around menstruation

The report identified challenges around delivering quality sexual education, verbal and physical bullying from boys about menstruation and issues around receiving appropriate information and pastoral support.

The paper gives the following recommendations:

1. Policies should promote the adoption and use of sanitation facilities in a way that is sensitive to the unique needs of women as they transition through the life course. Policy makers should understand MHM as part of a broader set of sanitation activities and behaviours in order to design sanitation systems that better meet the needs of all users. MHM should be considered within policies to end open defecation and to increase sanitation coverage. Relevant policy actions could include the provision of separate, private toilets with a functioning water supply for women in professional and educational institutions.

2. Policies should address challenges about absorbent materials. Policy actions could include educating women about safer low-cost MHM materials, subsidizing the costs of sanitary napkins for economically deprived groups and removing or reducing taxes on menstrual absorbents.

3. Health care practitioners should provide guidance about safe MHM practices when counselling women with urogenital tract infections. This guidance should seek to ensure local community level advocacy and outreach is available to the poorest women who may not seek treatment for urogenital infections.

4. MHM in schools should be addressed with clear guidelines and policies. Policy makers should develop and disseminate context specific guidelines and policies for MHM in schools with minimum standards, indicators, and illustrative strategies for adaptation, adoption, and implementation at national and subnational levels. Public and schoolbased education campaigns (inclusive of boys and men) should be used to raise awareness of hygienic MHM practices.

A word about MHM in Pakistan: Pakistan is a Muslim country. As pointed out by Brenda Mbaja Lubanga, in another thread, today (she says: I am from a small rural village in Kenya where MHM is an issue but no one talks about it), in Pakistan too, people shy away from this topic. Due to Muslim traditions, men are simply out of this topic – meaning that they simply cannot talk to women folks on this topic. This will be considered as offending. Female teachers in school, probably due to lack of effective advocacy, do not talk to girl students on this topic.

This warrants urgent action by international players (UNICEF, WHO).

The SHARE's publication is attached.

F H Mughal]]>
Theme 1: Breaking the taboo around MHM Wed, 29 Mar 2017 17:12:40 +0000
Re: Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in school - by: Camilla http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21052 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/282-theme-1-breaking-the-taboo-around-mhm/21022-exploring-how-to-address-on-going-taboos-and-silence-around-mhm-for-girls-in-school#21052
My name is Camilla Wirseen and I am the founder of The Cup Foundation and co-founder of a sanitation solution called Peepoo. I have been working on the ground in informal settlements in different parts of the world since 2008 and have come to understand several challenges underprivileged face; how they deal with them and the feelings they have towards them.

I believe communication is key in most situations, especially when addressing sensitive matters like menstruation and reproductive health. Who is best equipped to discuss such matters with adolescent girls? Is it teachers in school? Or is it the mothers? Here in Kenya students are often afraid of their teachers and mothers many times do not even know their daughters have started their menarche. There seem to be a gap between generations in many parts of the world that contribute to the taboo.

The Cup Foundation works with trainers who are almost peers to the girls they train. They are all young women, 20-30 years old who have shared similar challenges to the girls they train and grown up in similar environments. This creates an understanding and trust among teachers and girls. The young women are fully aware of existing taboos in the community and the society. Our manual has been developed together with our trainers and we have successfully reached more than 6000 girls in Kenya since 2015.

We also include the environment surrounding the girls. We train boys aged 13-16 years in schools, parents, teachers and elders (informal leaders) to fight the taboo, and in support of the girls. An anonymous helpline is open 24/7 for girls who are facing problems or are in need of medical attention.

Thank you for an important discussion and looking forward to hearing more from others in different parts of the world.

Camilla]]>
Theme 1: Breaking the taboo around MHM Wed, 29 Mar 2017 16:54:15 +0000
4th International Faecal Sludge Management Conference - 19-22 February 2017 in Chennai, India - All conference materials now available!! - by: secretariat http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/156-conferences-seminars-and-workshops/18212-4th-international-faecal-sludge-management-conference-19-22-february-2017-in-chennai-india-all-conference-materials-now-available?limit=12&start=12#21049 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/156-conferences-seminars-and-workshops/18212-4th-international-faecal-sludge-management-conference-19-22-february-2017-in-chennai-india-all-conference-materials-now-available?limit=12&start=12#21049
we are happy to inform you that all conference materials (presentations, audio recordings, conference abstracts and speaker biographies) of the FSM4 are now available on susana.org. [click here]


Best regards,

Sabrina

on behalf of the SuSanA Secretariat]]>
Conferences, seminars and workshops Wed, 29 Mar 2017 14:34:30 +0000
Re: New MHM resources - by: Mbaja http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/20835-new-mhm-resources#21048 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/24-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm/20835-new-mhm-resources#21048
Thank you for the information on MHM resources. I am from a small rural village in Kenya where MHM is an issue but no one talks about it. Currently, I am contemplating on researching on an MHM related issue for my Master Thesis and these resource materials are very insightful.

The website is very organised and really easy to navigate through.]]>
Menstrual hygiene management (MHM) Wed, 29 Mar 2017 12:16:46 +0000
Re: Working Group 6 members: Take part in our Wikipedia Edit-a-Thon 19-21 March ! Example: new article on decentralized wastewater systems - by: Decentral http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/198-wikipedia/20724-new-wikipedia-article-on-decentralized-wastewater-systems-and-editing-together-in-virtual-workroom-every-wednesday-1000-gmt-london-time-until-evening#21047 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/198-wikipedia/20724-new-wikipedia-article-on-decentralized-wastewater-systems-and-editing-together-in-virtual-workroom-every-wednesday-1000-gmt-london-time-until-evening#21047 Regarding the management and regulations, I was thinking to add a section, but they differ so much, may be I will find some sources from leading countries.]]> Wikipedia Wed, 29 Mar 2017 12:06:33 +0000 Re: Wikipedia translation tool - what's better, translate the entire article or the leads only? Does it get overwritten? - by: canaday http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/284-languages-other-than-english/20952-wikipedia-translation-tool-whats-better-translate-the-entire-article-or-the-leads-only-does-it-get-overwritten#21046 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/284-languages-other-than-english/20952-wikipedia-translation-tool-whats-better-translate-the-entire-article-or-the-leads-only-does-it-get-overwritten#21046
It seems Wikipedia only allows one person to translate a given page and any changes would have to be made after it is published.

In the case of very large pages, it may be convenient for teams to translate them and then the leader of each team can copy and paste the texts into place.

Let's remember that different people can contribute to Wikipedia in different ways. One person can translate, another can cite bibliography, another can add photos (esp. if he or she has lots of good, relevant photos of his or her own), etc.

Best wishes,
Chris Canaday
(PS: The website logs me out at random. If it gives me the page for posting on, it is understood that I am logged in.)]]>
Languages other than English Wed, 29 Mar 2017 11:01:58 +0000
Re: Starting Soon: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue" - by: F H Mughal http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21045 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21045
Thank you for your response. Yes, I'll be glad to share the findings of the publication, at the link, you mentioned.

The best thing I liked about this publication is that, despite being a short publication (11 pp), it has an excellent list of references.

Regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Thematic Discussion 12 “Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools – A neglected issue” Wed, 29 Mar 2017 10:32:22 +0000
Re: Starting Soon: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue" - by: Mintje http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21044 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21044
The following topics are thought to serve more as background information.
What we have done so far in WG7 around MHM;
Preparatory Readings for our Thematic Discussion on "MHM in Schools - A neglected issue";
Running Now: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue"

The discussion is supposed to only happen in Theme I and Theme II.
For this week, the discussion on "Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in School" started here and next Monday we will start another Topic on infrastructure and Monitoring in Theme II.
The idea is, that like this the two topics can continue to be discussed at the same time.

It would be great if you share some findings of the Share publication in our discussion of this week (bit.ly/2n9JLkv)!

Regards,
Mintje]]>
Thematic Discussion 12 “Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools – A neglected issue” Wed, 29 Mar 2017 10:20:05 +0000
Re: Starting Soon: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue" - by: F H Mughal http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21043 http://m.forum.susana.org/component/kunena/281-thematic-discussion-12-menstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools--a-neglected-issue/20954-running-now-tds-12-qmenstrual-hygiene-management-mhm-in-schools-a-neglected-issueq#21043
There are 4 posts on MHM:

Exploring how to address on-going taboos and silence around MHM for girls in school
What we have done so far in WG7 around MHM
Preparatory Readings for our Thematic Discussion on "MHM in Schools - A neglected issue"
Running Now: TDS 12 "Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools - A neglected issue"

Perhaps, you make like to group them in one thread.

Regards,

F H Mughal]]>
Thematic Discussion 12 “Menstrual Hygiene Management (MHM) in Schools – A neglected issue” Wed, 29 Mar 2017 10:09:06 +0000